Clothing (textile) materials - the types and characteri […]
Clothing (textile) materials - the types and characteristics of textile fibers, textile fibers are the basic materials for fabrics (we don't talk about macromolecules), it has two categories: natural fibers and chemical fibers.
Natural fiber. Conventional natural fibers include cotton, hemp, silk, and wool. With the development of science and technology, new natural fibers have emerged, such as pineapple leaf fiber and bamboo fiber commonly used today. They are all high-quality textile fiber materials that nature has dedicated to us.
Cotton, hemp, bamboo, and pineapple leaf fibers are natural cellulose fibers that are ignited by fire and quickly charred to ashes, accompanied by the smell of burning grass. Wool and silk fiber are natural animal fibers. After ignition, they are zoomed and have the smell of burning hair. Among them, silk fiber is the only long-fiber material put into use, which can be several hundred meters long. The spider silk fiber currently under study should be It is also long-fiber, but it has not been put into practical use. Chemical Fiber. Chemical fiber has risen with the development of the chemical industry and has now become the main body of textile fiber.
It is divided into two categories, one is synthetic fiber and the other is recycled fiber.
Synthetic fiber is made of petroleum as raw material and chemically polymerized. The main fiber materials are polyester, nylon, acrylic, vinylon, polypropylene, chlorin, spandex and so on. They can be cut to different lengths or used directly as needed. Its uniform combustion characteristics are melting into droplets.