Introduction to Textile Fabrics

Update:26 Oct 2020
Summary:

  Real silk fabrics are relative to simulated silk […]

 

Real silk fabrics are relative to simulated silk fabrics, and generally refer to silk, including mulberry silk, tussah silk, castor silk, cassava silk, etc.

The silk fabrics are divided into 14 categories and 43 sub-categories. There are roughly electric spinning, taffeta, double crepe, heavy crepe, smooth crepe, georgette, cogan yarn, double joe, heavy joe, brocade, sangbo satin, plain crepe satin, stretch crepe satin, warp knitting Wait for several categories. Excellent brands rely on high-tech production processes in the fabric dyeing and finishing process, use environmentally friendly dyes, and have a color fastness of 3 to 4.5. While allowing people to appreciate the unique color beauty of silk fabrics, it maintains the nutrition and naturalness of silk fabrics. In the fabric post-treatment process, different degrees of pre-shrinking treatment are also carried out to ensure that the shrinkage rate of the fabric used is 0.5-3%.

The real silk fabric is pure silkworm white woven silk fabric with a twill weave. According to the weight of the fabric in square meters, it is divided into thin and medium. According to different post-processing, it can be divided into dyeing and printing. Its texture is soft and smooth, it feels soft, light, colorful, cool and comfortable to wear. Mainly used as summer shirts, pajamas, dress fabrics and headscarves, etc.

Common varieties of silk fabrics roughly include crepe de chine, heavy crepe, georgette burnt-out, georgette, double joe, heavy joe, sangbo satin, plain crepe satin, stretch plain crepe satin, warp knitting and so on.

1. Double crepe
Double crepe is a satin made of mulberry silk. Its characteristic is that the silk surface presents two-way fine wrinkles, so it is called crepe. The warp of crepe de chine is 20/22D2 combined untwisted mulberry silk, and the weft is 20/22D2-4 combined plus S-direction strong twist and Z-direction strong twist mulberry silk, plain weave interlaced After refining and degumming, since the wefts in the S and Z twist directions are interlaced with the untwisted warp yarns, the weft directions are twisted in the respective twist directions. Therefore, two different twist directions are reflected on the silk surface with finely twisted wrinkles. There are many specifications of double crepe de chine with complete facilities. The width is 70, 90, 100, 114, 140cm. The weights are 8.5, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 20, 22m/m. There are pure white, dyed and printed ones. Suitable for men's and women's shirts, as well as various embroidered garments, which are widely used.

2. Taffeta
Taffeta is the warp and weft thread of mulberry silk that is refined and degummed into refined silk (cooked silk), and is woven with plain weave, also known as cooked goods. There are three types of plain taffeta, striped taffeta and floral taffeta. The textile fabrics are traditional varieties that are famous in China and the world, and they are also special products of Suzhou and Hangzhou in China. Especially the taffeta produced by Suzhou Soochow Silk Factory, collectively referred to as "Tower King". The characteristic of taffeta is that its warp and weft are specially processed. For example, the warp is a 20/22D mulberry silk with 1 S twist first 800T/m, then 2 combined with 2 twists 600T/m; the weft is 20/22D mulberry silk, with 1 S twist first 600T/m, then 3 Combined processing twist 600T/m. Then the warp and weft are refined and woven into taffeta. Therefore, the warp and weft threads are tightly interlaced, the gaps are small, and the silk surface appears unusually flat. Because the warp and weft threads are specially processed, the silk bones are firm and soft. The width and weight of plain, striped, taffeta or floral taffeta can be arranged according to needs. Commonly used are 90cm, 13.5m/m, 100, 114cm, 12, 16m/m, etc. Taffeta is the top grade of women's dresses, and women in Europe, America and many regions like it very much. However, the production process of taffeta is complicated, the output is not much, and the supply is limited, which makes it even more precious and rare.

3. Jacquard silk
Jacquard silk is a kind of silk satin that is woven into various patterns by using a jacquard machine to interlace the warp and weft threads. It is a major category of silk and satin, and is a category different from the major category of printed silk with patterns printed on the silk surface. Among them, the crepe de chine is jacquard on the warp of the crepe de chine, the crepe satin jacquard on the silk warp, the jacquard on the spinning warp, and so on. In jacquard silk, traditional Chinese varieties of brocade, antique satin, krissatin, Jinbaodi, velvet, etc., as well as flower crepe satin, longevity satin, nine haze satin, flower satin, flower soft satin and so on. Jacquard and printed silk is also very popular in Western Europe.

All kinds of jacquard silk can meet the needs of various inner and outer clothing and decorations. Some are used for underwear, outerwear and dresses, some are used for quilts, bedspreads and chair covers, and they can also be used for wall paste and various decorations. Using real silk jacquard silk as wall-paste silk is not only beautiful and generous, but also has the function of absorbing and exhausting air and adjusting the indoor temperature. China's silk and satin producing areas all produce jacquard silk, which accounts for more than 35% of the total silk and satin output and about 20% of the silk export.

4. Plain crepe satin; it is a conventional fabric in silk fabrics. The bright satin is very noble, smooth to the touch, and densely organized; the shrinkage rate of the fabric is relatively large, and the gloss decreases after being launched.

5. Stretch crepe satin: a new fabric, the composition is 90%-95% mulberry silk, 5%-10% spandex, it is an interwoven fabric. It is characterized by good elasticity, comfort, relatively small shrinkage, and unique style.

6. Warp knitting: soft, delicate, soft and comfortable. It is a new special knitted fabric with high technology content and is a high-end quality product.

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