1. Definition: Fiber is a natural or synthetic filament […]
1. Definition: Fiber is a natural or synthetic filamentous material, and textile fiber refers to the fiber used for woven fabric.
2, textile fiber characteristics: textile fiber has a certain length, fineness, elasticity, strength and other good physical properties. It also has good chemical stability. For example, natural fibers such as cotton, wool, silk and hemp are ideal textile fibers.
3. Classification of textile fibers: natural fibers and chemical fibers.
1 Natural fibers include plant fibers, animal fibers, and mineral fibers.
A plant fiber such as: cotton, hemp, fruit fiber.
B Animal fiber such as: wool, hair free, silk.
C Mineral fiber such as: asbestos.
2 chemical fibers include recycled fibers, synthetic fibers and inorganic fibers.
A Recycled fiber such as: viscose fiber, acetate fiber.
B Synthetic fiber Such as: nylon, polyester, acrylic, spandex, vinylon, polypropylene and so on.
C Inorganic fibers such as: glass fiber, metal fiber, etc.
4. Textile properties of common textile fibers:
1 Wool: moisture absorption, elasticity, good performance, not resistant to insects, acid and metal-binding dyes.
2 Silk: moisture absorption, breathability, gloss and good performance, suitable for acid and direct dyes.
3 Cotton: Breathable, hygroscopic, good to take, resistant to insects, suitable for direct reduction of azo, alkaline medium, vulcanization, reactive dyes.
4 Viscose fiber: Hygroscopicity, good gas permeability, bright color, wide source of raw materials, low cost, close to natural fiber, suitable for dyes and cotton.
5 Polyester: fabric, very cool, cool, good shape retention, wear resistance, dimensional stability, easy to wash and dry, suitable for disperse dyes, diazo disperse dyes, soluble vat dyes.
6 Nylon: It has excellent abrasion resistance, poor gas permeability, suitable for acid dyes and scattered dyes.
7 Acrylic: good fluffiness, fur, suitable for disperse dyes, cationic dyes.