Why knitted fabrics are more elastic and breathable than woven fabrics

Update:31 May 2021

Why knitted fabrics are more elastic and breathable tha […]

Why knitted fabrics are more elastic and breathable than woven fabrics

Why are knitted fabrics more elastic and breathable than woven fabrics? Knitted fabrics are different from woven fabrics in style and characteristics. The style of clothing should not only emphasize the advantages of the fabrics, but also overcome its shortcomings. Because individual knitted fabrics are dispersible, when designing and making patterns, we should pay attention to some knitted fabrics not to use too many exaggerated techniques, as far as possible, do not design roads, cutting lines, and splicing seams should not be too much to prevent knitting loops. It will affect the wearability of the clothing, and the simple and soft lines should be used in harmony with the soft and fit style of knitwear.

One. Utilize the stretchability of knitted fabrics

Knitted fabrics have good elasticity, and can minimize the joints, gathers, and splices designed for modeling when designing the model. Secondly, knitted fabrics are generally not suitable to use the techniques of return and exfoliation, but to use the elasticity of the fabric itself or the appropriate use of folds to fit the curve of the human body. Then the elasticity of the fabric becomes an important basis in the design and production of the model.

The model of woven clothing is generally larger than the area required to wrap the human body, that is, there is a certain amount of looseness relative to the human body; while knitted clothing depends on the fabric structure used, if the fabric with particularly large elasticity (and the use of The yarn is related to the organizational structure) Not only does it leave no looseness when designing the template, its sample size can be the same as the human girth size, or it can be reduced in consideration of the elastic coefficient.

Second, use the hemming of knitted fabrics

The curling of knitted fabrics is the phenomenon of edge fabric wrapping caused by the disappearance of the stress in the edge loops of the fabric. Hemming is the shortcoming of knitted fabrics. It can cause uneven seams of garment pieces or size changes of garment edges, and ultimately affect the overall shape of the garment and the size of the garment. But not all knitted fabrics have hemming properties, but only fabrics with individual weaves such as weft jerseys. For this kind of fabric, you can pull the edges and insert ribs by adding dimensions when designing the pattern. Or piping and inlaid adhesive interlining strips on the edge of the garment. The hemming of some knitted fabrics has been eliminated during the finishing process of the fabric, which avoids the trouble of template design.

What needs to be pointed out is that many designers can use the fabric's curling property to design it on the neckline and cuffs of the model based on the understanding of the fabric performance, so that the clothing has a special appearance style, which is refreshing. Especially in the knitting of shaped clothing, it can also use its curling to form a unique pattern or dividing line.

Three, pay attention to the dispersibility of knitted fabrics

Organic cotton is a kind of "environmentally friendly cotton" that is truly natural, high-quality and pollution-free. It does not use any pesticides and forwards the raw cotton that is produced and processed for the product and has been certified by an independent certification body. Organic cotton is produced in agriculture. Among them, organic fertilizer, biology, and natural farming management for pests and diseases are the mainstays, and chemical products are not allowed; cotton produced from seeds to agricultural products is all natural and non-polluting, and is measured by the "Agricultural Product Safety Quality Standards" issued by countries or WTO/FAO , The content of pesticides, heavy metals, nitrates, harmful organisms (including microbial parasite eggs, etc.) in cotton and other toxic and harmful substances are controlled within the limit specified in the standard; and certified commercial cotton. The production of organic cotton not only requires the necessary conditions for cultivating cotton such as light, heat, water, and soil, but also has specific requirements for the cleanliness of the soil environment of the cultivated land, the quality of the irrigation water, and the air environment. Xinjiang is the planting base of organic cotton in China. It has superior light and heat conditions, long sunshine time, low pests and diseases, many types and numbers of natural enemies, and abundant sources of organic fertilizer. Irrigation water comes from the melting water of Tianshan ice and snow, and the soil is not polluted.